Life is here©

Life is here

not there

folks joke

while birds croak

and cars beep

incremental creep

traffic hums

do the sums bums

winds shuffle

feathers ruffle

rubbing against trees

above greyness hovers

but never over lovers

birds fly

promises ride high

nothing is missed

all is blessed

everything with a place

leaves an invisible trace


Aristotle deconstructed Sophocles like Joseph Campbell explained Joyce

I had an epiphany about myths and story telling this week so naturally I want to share it with everyone.
I have not yet read Finnegan’s Wake but the term ‘monomyth’, as used by Joseph Campbell is taken from Joyce’s work. Joseph Campbell utilised ‘monomyth’ to identify a universal journey of heroism which is the basis of universal myths that work across countries and cultures. Joseph Campbell as you know worked with George Lucas on the original Star Wars. The universal myth structure he discovers is also the basis of rituals and rites of passages in indigenous cultures. Having started to read Joyce’s work, I now know it is personally necessary for me to read more Joyce because he speaks to me but also because Joyce will help internalise the way to write stories with true mythic value that resonates with others.
Campbell notes that Joyce’s writings had three stages that operate on the macro and micro level. The stages comprise of the following: Separation, Initiation and Return. Please see more details to elucidate the journey Campbell identifies. James Joyce’s character Stephen Dedalus (originally called Hero) in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man undergoes the cycles each time he has an epiphany. Stephen comes back changed unable to return to what he was or had before. Campbell identifies the story structure of Joyce in a similar way to how Aristotle analysed the plays of Sophocles in Poetics. A Portrait of the Young Artist follows this very specific personal trajectory which has the universal myth imprint. I have since discovered that the stages of the journey can also be found in reading the collective stories of Dubliners in the order presented. To elaborate, read Birth up to the story Araby, Initiation up to the story A Painful Case and return to the ordinary leads you to Death. For Campbell, universal myths are metaphors but myths should never be taken literally. Campbell believed people who can see myths in their own lifetime and sometimes even in their own life can see this heroic journey being played out. From examining Joyce’s work, Campbell was in search of such figures and clearly saw Joyce could see the myths being played out in his own life and lifetime. As a result, Campbell was able to identify a story structure through Joyce’s work. The study of Joyce informed Campbell who was later able to show universal myths across the world also follow the trajectory of Joyce’s work. This led Campbell to write Hero with a Thousand Faces. I have written up a simplified structure below but if you are a writer, please read Joseph Campbell’s original work or look up monomyth on Google and read Joyce’s work on someone who understood the myths of his time and his own lifetime and discover the myths of your time and possibly even your own life.
Joseph Campbell’s heroic journey stages
Birth into the ordinary world leads the character to Separation
1 Birth: The monomyth cycle begins and we see the character is different to others – an archetype showing patterns of human behavior found in dreams, movies and stories universally.
2 Call to Adventure: The character despite being at odds with others or the environment is reluctant to go towards the calling.
3 Helpers/Amulet: Something, a person or a calling show the character a different way.
Initiation takes the character into a special world
4 Crossing the Threshold: The character is forced or realises he/she must undergo an ordeal or face the unknown.
5 Tests: The character must undergo a series of tests on a journey toward the climax.
6 Helpers: The character may be helped by a a loyal companion or pursue a calling.
7 Climax/The Final Battle: A crisis or battle heads towards a particular resolution.
8 Flight: The character becomes a hero, fights opposing forces or is given the elixir freely.
Return of the character to the ordinary world changed
9 Return: The hero returns to the ordinary world awakened, reborn and resurrected.
10 Elixir: The object, knowledge, blessing or realisation can now be put to use in the everyday world and the hero can stay and share with others or leave as the truly enlightened.
The journey must involve a change, Joyce’s epiphany, the beat in a script, the response to a reversal in a Shakespeare play. Campbell wrote some notes on art and Joyce’s work. These were kindly provided to me by London’s Literary Salon director Ms Toby Brothers on this very point. Campbell lays out his thoughts on proper and improper art. Real art does not just represent, it offers or brings change and continues to evolve. True art never dies.
The hero’s journey structure follows the journey of various religious figures but this classical story structure identified by Joseph Campbell is also found in Hollywood classics. It adds to the form identified by Aristotle when he studied the reasons for the enduring popularity of Sophocles plays. Similar story structures can be found in the works of Shakespeare, Henrik Ibsen and Arthur Miller. You will also find these structures embedded in the poetry of William Blake, in songs by John Lennon, Joseph Haydn and the work of Kadinsky.
Lastly these heroic figures underwent their own mythic journeys. So I wish who ever read my blog and any others the best of luck with whatever your mythic journey is.

Aristotle Drama and the Classic form

Readers of my blog know about my obsession with the classic form. Even if none of us had ever read the work of Aristotle, we know and understand the fundamentals of good drama when we discuss plot, characters and story. However, it took someone like Aristotle to explain exactly why great writers stokes audiences. Aristotle dissected the fundamentals of plays to discover the key principles of classic drama. Poetics freed writers to expand the classic form and this is why Aristotle’s principles of writing good drama continue to be of great significance today.

I studied Poetics because it was vital for me to have Aristotle’s key principles present in my work after I discovered that all the works that stoked me from childhood to adulthood originate from this form. Upon studying the work, I soon realised this classic form also exists in music and poetry I love. The problem for me is to be able to express Aristotle’s fundamental principles without it feeling contrived when you write. There is usually a flow which takes shape when this happens. I myself, am put off by contrived situations on screen and in print. I now realise the only way to avoid this is to practice until the the form becomes second nature in my work. Only then, will I be able to play with the form. I examined the work of Aristotle sometime ago but I now intend to return to the work again and I hope this is useful to other writers like me. Apologies if it is basic but I believe in starting from somewhere.

Aristotle, who lived between 384-322BC, wrote ‘Poetics’ but the work is not known to have been widely circulated or published in his lifetime. The discovery of Poetics years after Aristotle’s death has since influenced the dynamics of writing drama and poetry. The impact includes but is not limited to Poetics being properly translated in Italy during the Italian Renaissance and the time of Shakespeare in 1600. An Oriental version existed in 935AD. The classic form highlighted by Aristotle can be found in the works of Henrik Ibsen, Alfred Hitchcock, Arthur Miller, Steven Spielberg, Quentin Tarantino, Joss Whedon etc. The impact of Poetics has been considerable. I have written a short summary of Poetics but the original text, which is only 50 pages is a great read. It can be found at this url:
Poetics looks at the fundamentals of writing great tragedy. Aristotle believed the art of good dramatic tragedy was personified by the works of the Greek playwright Sophocles who was constantly voted as the most popular by audiences. Few of Sophocles plays now survive.

These are the fundamental principles of classic drama: –

Poetics considers tragedy to be the dramatisation of a sequence of events which cause a situation to go from good to bad in a logical but surprising way. The dramatic events must show not tell what actually happens and must function according to the laws of logical probability or necessity. The events must evoke strong emotions such as pity caused by the character facing ‘unmerited misfortune’ or fear caused by relating to the character facing adverse circumstances. 

The plot should be an arrangement of events derived from an unbroken chain of cause and effect. The beginning, middle and end must have causal connections comprising a holistic whole to ensure audiences do not suffer from a suspension of disbelief or become disengaged from the plot. This is like looking at one’s own life, it is not split into dates but events which shape-shift into the life we have and know.

Aristotle acknowledged good characters must be complex, never stereotypes. The character like all human beings must have a flaw. This flaw must cause their situation to go from good to bad where they lose something of importance be it power, status or even risk their own lives or loved ones. Aristotle believed a good character has to be highly renowned and prosperous for the fall to be truly tragic. 

The character’s speech or action must express their character and their personal motivations must support the plot and its overall holistic theme. There must be continuity.

The written character must be relevant to the role, provide a picture of their morality, be true to life and show consistency through necessity and probability. This realism must also show an otherness which shows the representation of perhaps what may be a greater capacity in all human beings. Today, we may describe this as human ideals but these attributes will be universally recognised in heroes and heroines. A great favourite of Hitchcock and Spielberg is where the ordinary person becomes extraordinary in particular circumstances.

Poetics is the basis of Western drama and is used by playwrights and screenwriters alike. Poetics is the standard text in Hollywood but some choose to digress from the classic form. Therefore, most of us know the classic structure of all drama but choose to watch drama at the cinema, TV or theatre rather than the amphitheatre.

The Cat Thief #Gointothestory DAY 10 scene



A ginger cat goes out of an upstairs window and out of a huge overgrown garden which looks like a jungle.

Copper eyes reveal the face of Bombay Black pirate cat Gatto camouflaged near a wall in the garden.

Gatto holds down the tail of squirrel Tiny with his paw. Tiny has a watch and scratches notes on to a nut.

Gatto: Draw it up. If you tell anyone about this, squirrel death will descend upon your hole.

Tiny skips away trembling with nut in hand.


Exact same scene, fat ginger cat leaves upstairs.

Great escape theme music starts to play quietly.

Gatto looks behind and slowly climbs up through a window. Squirrel Tiny trembles below.

Gatto: Are you a squirrel or a mouse?

Tiny: Someone said we’re related.


Gatto climbs on to a cooker door handle, jumps onto cooker and then hops into a larder cupboard. Gatto’s eyes feast upon the bounty.

Gatto drop tins of top cat food out through the window.


Tiny ducks food tins which tumble onto the patio.


Gatto keeps sniffing as he climbs bedposts, jumps onto a mantlepiece. The clock swivels to open a trapdoor. Inside is a jewellery case holding a cat collar with sapphires and diamonds.

Gatto: Ging, you fat cat, you.

A croaky groan. Gatto sees old lady in bed.

Gatto is relieved when lady falls back asleep but he now hears the sound of a cat knocking into something.

Ging appears and looks directly at Gatto who starts to creep away but Ging just looks out to space.

Gatto turns to go but cranky sleepy old lady wakes up.

Old lady: Come here you disgusting cat.

Gatto looks at himself and then the old woman. Gatto is about to remonstrate when sleepy lady grabs Ging and slaps him. The old lady now awake sees Gatto.

Lady: YOU.

Momentarily lost, Gatto pulls the cat collar and waves it as a pendulum at both the old lady and Ging.

Gatto: Ging you will leave this place, lose weight and regain your self esteem. You, old lady, will stop abusing cats or anyone. Remember nothing when you wake.

Both Ging and the cranky old lady fall into a deep sleep.

Gatto scratches the bedpost and the bed sheet with a pirate cat skull.

Gatto sniffs both Ging and the lady. Gatto finds a bottle of RUM under the bed. Gatto swigs the rum and puts on the cat collar before disappearing into the night.

The Date #Gointothestory DAY 11 scene



Swarthy confident David and a glowing but nervous Clarissa are having candle-lit dinner at a restaurant. Sunset can be seen from the window.

David: So how come you said yes?

Clarissa: I had a lot less on this week.

David: I’m curious as to why.

Clarissa: Curiosity.

David: And how’s that curiosity coming along?

Clarissa: Coming along.

David: Are you being evasive?

Clarissa: An accusation or a question?

David: Do you enjoy being with me?

Clarissa: Let’s skip the interrogation.

David: I’m enjoying the asparagus.

Clarissa: Finely tipped long shoots always work well.

David: And the artichoke?

Clarissa: Great once you get to the heart of it.

David: The heart is where it’s at.

Clarissa: If it tastes great, it’s probably great.

David: Same time next week.

Clarissa: Sounds like dinner every week.

David: That good?

Clarissa: You only live once.

David: Unless you believe in reincarnation.

Clarissa: I’m in this life now.

David: Looks good from where I am sitting.

Clarissa: I want to blow out the candle and make a wish.

David: Together.

Clarissa: I’m ready.

David: Next dating candidate please. A great eg of how to avoid the sticky four letter commitment. Feel free to come back anytime Melissa.

Clarissa: I’ve got a funny feeling I won’t need any more courses on getting out of being with Ed. By the way, my name is Clarissa and I just committed.


Today’s prompt: A characters says “I love you”… without using the words “I love you”.

There are tens of thousands of words in the English language. Explore them in a scene where one character expresses his/her love for another without the old tried and true expression.

Then take that as a jumping off point: Why does the character not use the words “I love you”? Are they afraid of making that type of commitment? Are they trying to be clever? Have they rehearsed a speech? Stumbling over ILY, then suddenly jump to some other way of conveying their feelings?

And by the way, they don’t have to say anything, it’s possible they could get across their love through a gesture. Movies are a visual medium. Perhaps explore that possibility.

But whatever you do, don’t let the character say, “I love you.”


DEERS OFF – #Gointothestory DAY 9 scene


North American white tailed deer STAG Harry and FAWN Micky eat twigs and look out to London.

HARRY: Here we are in London, I can smell the pollution Jerry described.

MICKY: Scotland’s the place we want to be Dad.

HARRY: You got to think of property prices son?

MICKY: We won’t need a house to protect us in Scotland.

HARRY: Scotland’s got too many food banks son.

MICKY: It gets better and better.

HARRY: You got to start thinking with your stomach son.

MICKY: I do Dad, all the time, apart from one time.

HARRY: Food banks mean no one has food son.

MICK: Red deer said we should go back to where we came from?

HARRY: And what was that Red’s name again?

MICKY: Tufton Victor Osborne.

HARRY: And did you tell Tufton about dangers in the US?

MICK: Red said it’s worse here. Red dreams of going to Cayuga heights.

HARRY: Tufton doesn’t want immigrants like us.

MICK: They have immigrants like us in Scotland.

HARRY: It won’t be any different there son.

MICKY: DAD, I saw a video about the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996.   

HARRY: I’ve warned you about watching TV.

MICKY: No one can shoot us in Scotland Dad.

HARRY: And this has got nothing with you trying out at the Edinburgh fringe?

MICKY: Mum thinks you could develop a Scottish nose.

HARRY: No Tufton’s there I bet, talking smells.

Harry raises his white tail and twitches. Harry runs and Micky follows and they are gone.

A small child appears after peeing in the bushes.

NOT HIM #Gointothestory DAY 6 scene


Slick spiky haired Vanda stands slouches on the shoulder of geeky blonde Rick on the edge of a busy green square. They are eyeing up an older boy standing outside a bar across the road.

VANDA: That’s the guy right there.

RICK: You can’t go round picking random boys.

VANDA: One guy not boy Rick. And he’s not random if I chose him.

RICK: You know what I mean.

VANDA: Dark, good looking and yes he is a little mean. It’s what a girl likes that counts.

RICK: Classic serial killer.

VANDA: That’s the guy I tell you.

RICK: How can he be the one?

VANDA: I didn’t say that.

RICK: Question, Is he the dreamboat or not?

VANDA: That guy is a good a bet as anyone.

RICK: You don’t know a single thing about him.

VANDA: No one knows anything about anyone until they get to know them.

RICK: He’s too old.

VANDA: Girls go mature before they go toy. He looks about 20.

RICK: He’s definitely done it.

VANDA: I may have done it.

RICK: Why can’t you find someone your own age?

VANDA: Oh purrleaze, I don’t know anyone but you.


RICK: Shit, that’s Mr Harris, he’s coming towards us.


They run in the opposite direction.


RICK: Let’s not skip school tomorrow.

VANDA: I didn’t mean you’re not worth going out with you know.

RICK: I don’t think Mr Harris saw us.

VANDA: Rick, I just want you to know…

RICK: I don’t want to talk about it Vanda.